LATROBE, Benjamin Henry


LATROBE, Benjamin Henry
(1764-1820)
   Benjamin Henry Latrobe, born to a prominent family in England, traveled widely and was highly educated, speaking over five languages. After being wounded while fighting in the Prussian army, he returned to London; beginning in 1790 he worked as the Surveyor of Public Offices. The premature death of his wife and the loss of his children's and wife's money to scheming relatives caused Latrobe to move to the United States in 1796. There he set up his architectural practice first in Virginia and then in Philadelphia, where his mother's family originated. In Philadelphia, Latrobe's most important early commission was for construction of the Bank of Pennsylvania, completed in 1801 and demolished in 1870. This building is credited with being the first Greek Revival style structure in the United States.
   In 1803, Latrobe was hired as the Surveyor of Public Buildings of the United States and began to work in Washington, D.C., most notably on the United States Capitol, which he began that same year and modified throughout his life. Although this building assured Latrobe's enduring fame, he went on to complete several other important Neo-Classical buildings in the area, including the monumental Basilica of the National Shrine of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Baltimore, Maryland (1806-1821), which was the first Catholic cathedral in the United States; he also experimented with the Gothic Revival style.

Historical Dictionaries of Literature and the Arts. . 2008.

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  • Latrobe,Benjamin Henry — La·trobe (lə trōbʹ), Benjamin Henry. 1764 1820. British born American engineer and the first professional American architect. His works include the Baltimore Cathedral (1805 1818) and the chambers of the U.S. Congress and Supreme Court. * * * …   Universalium

  • Latrobe, Benjamin Henry — born May 1, 1764, Fulneck, Yorkshire, Eng. died Sept. 3, 1820, New Orleans, La., U.S. British U.S. architect and civil engineer. He immigrated to the U.S. in 1795. His first important building was the State Penitentiary in Richmond, Va. In 1798,… …   Universalium

  • Latrobe, Benjamin Henry — (1 may. 1764, Fulneck, Yorkshire, Inglaterra–3 sep. 1820, Nueva Orleans, La., EE.UU.). Arquitecto e ingeniero civil británico estadounidense. Emigró a EE.UU. en 1795. Su primera obra importante fue la penitenciaría del estado en Richmond, Va. En… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Benjamin Henry Bonneval Latrobe — Benjamin Henry Latrobe Pour les articles homonymes, voir La Trobe (homonymie). Portrait de Benjamin Latrobe Benjamin Henry Latrobe ou Benjamin La Trobe ou encore Be …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Benjamin Henry Latrobe — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Benjamin Henry Latrobe Benjamin Henry Latrobe (1 de mayo de 1764, Yorkshire 3 de septiembre de 1820, Nueva Orleans) fue un arquitecto e …   Wikipedia Español

  • Benjamin Henry Latrobe — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Latrobe (homonymie). Portrait de Benjamin Latrobe Benjamin Henry Latrobe ou Benjamin La Trobe ou encore Benjamin Henry Bonneval Latrobe ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Benjamin Henry Latrobe, II — (December 19 1806 ndash; October 19 1878) was an American civil engineer, best known for his railway bridges. He was the son of Benjamin Latrobe, architect of the United States Capitol and the Basilica of the Assumption. The junior Latrobe was… …   Wikipedia

  • Benjamin Henry Latrobe — noun United States architect (born in England) whose works include the chambers of the United States Congress and the Supreme Court; considered the first professional architect in the United States (1764 1820) • Syn: ↑Latrobe • Instance Hypernyms …   Useful english dictionary

  • Benjamin La Trobe — Benjamin Henry Latrobe Pour les articles homonymes, voir La Trobe (homonymie). Portrait de Benjamin Latrobe Benjamin Henry Latrobe ou Benjamin La Trobe ou encore Be …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Benjamin Latrobe — Benjamin Henry Latrobe Pour les articles homonymes, voir La Trobe (homonymie). Portrait de Benjamin Latrobe Benjamin Henry Latrobe ou Benjamin La Trobe ou encore Be …   Wikipédia en Français